I’ve written at some length in previous posts about how punishment was meted out to Cornelisz’s band of cut throats. The lucky ones, you might say, met their end at the Abrolhos Islands. (see death by hanging) The VOC took its vengeance on those unfortunates who made it back to Batavia. It is hard to imagine anyone surviving the aftermath of any but the mildest of punishments such as keelhauling or dropping from the yard in the tropical heat of the Indonesian islands.
But what of the survivors, the innocents?
Pelsaert, his reputation in tatters, was shunted off to Surat as second in command of an expedition, while his case was considered. He was dead by September 1630, having survived Jeronimus Cornelisz by less than a year. Evidence indicates he probably died of the same disease that had kept him in his bunk on both the Batavia and the Sardam.
Wiebbe Hayes, unlikely leader of the band of soldiers Cornelisz had contrived to isolate so he could carry out his plans, was promoted to officer. Given his stirling performance in leading the soldiers and later refugees from Cornelisz’s excesses, the promotion was a no-brainer (IMO). Members of his band were given a small reward for services rendered. But from there, the record ends. Most likely Hayes went off to the Company’s wars and died of wounds or maybe disease.
Predikant Bastiaensz, whose wife and all but one of his seven children were murdered, did not impress the church with how he had led his flock. In particular, questions were asked about how he had come to sign his allegiance to a heretic. Batavia’s Governor Specx was very critical of Bastiaensz’s record and it took some time before the cleric was absolved of all blame for the events on the Abrolhos. He remarried two years after his wife’s death but died of dysentery, still in the islands, in 1633.
Judyck, the predikant’s only surviving child, who was effectively given as a sex slave to one of Cornelisz’s main accomplices, had little choice but to find a husband as soon as possible. She married soon after her arrival in Batavia, but her new husband died within 3 months. Two years later she married again, moving with her husband to the island of Ambon. This marriage also ended in widowhood. Finally, the VOC repatriated her to Dordrecht in 1634, where she lived in relative comfort. There is no record of her death.
Lucretia van der Mijlen, the beautiful woman Cornelisz had lusted after, was in a different situation. Unlike Judyck, she had means as well as beauty. She married a soldier – a sergeant who Mike Dash speculates was Lucretia’s step brother-in-law– and remained in Batavia until 1635, when they returned to Holland.
And what of Adriaen Jacobsz, captain of the Batavia?
He was imprisoned almost immediately on his arrival in the longboat, accused by Commandeur Pelsaert of plotting mutiny, intending to steal his own ship. Pelsaert also implicated him in a crude attack on Lucretia van der Mijlen. There is no doubt he was tortured but resolutely proclaimed his innocence of all charges. The last reference to him was a letter written by Governor Specx in June 1631, in which he noted Jacobsz’s refusal to admit any guilt and asking to be released. There is no record of the captain’s death. I have noted elsewhere that given the VOC’s penchant for revenge, it’s an interesting omission. That he survived the dreadful, malaria-ridden dungeon of the fort of Batavia for nearly a year is remarkable in itself. However, much as I’d like to give at least one happy ending, he probably died of disease. Similarly, his girlfriend Zwaantie was tortured without result. History has not recorded what happened to her after she left the fort.
There are no happy endings in this dreadful tale of human misery. But that was life in the seventeenth century.
As usual, I’m indebted to Mike Dash Batavia’s Graveyard, Orion Books, 2002 and Henrietta Drake-Brockman’s Voyage to Disaster, UWA Press, 2006 for having researched the lives of these people.
I know it was a brutal time but these stories still make me shake my head. Did they truly think this treatment would bring about either honest answers or any sort of willingness to work harder? What kind of life did they have at home if they willingly went into this sort of service.
Of course this also reveals the fallacies of most Historical Romance. Not so romantic after all. Much better to be in a star ship than a sailing ship, I’d say.
Greta van der Rol
You’ll get no argument from me about the space ships 🙂
As far as ‘life at home’ went, the soldiers were mercenaries of many European nationalities – French, German, Dutch even an Englishman or two. And many of them had served in the various armies of the Thirty Years War, which went from about 1618-48. From Wikipedia, “A major consequence of the Thirty Years’ War was the devastation of entire regions, denuded by the foraging armies (*bellum se ipsum alet *). Famine and disease significantly decreased the population of the German states, Bohemia , the Low Countries , and Italy; most of the combatant powers bankrupted .” So home wasn’t real good either. A chance for a new life in a land of plenty? Who knows. The sailors were often press-ganged, or duped into serving. Ah, they were good times… (I must get my tongue out of my cheek)
On 15 December 2012 14:03, To Die a Dry Death